Why do people get Acne- Acne is a very common skin condition that causes pimples mostly on the face, forehead, chest, shoulders and upper back.
There are a variety of causes including genetics, fluctuating hormone levels, stress, high humidity and using oily or greasy personal care products. Acne common skin condition commonly affects teenagers but can occur at any age. So, why do humans have acne?
What is acne?
Acne is a common skin problem in which hair, sebum (an oily fluid), germs, and dead skin cells clog the pores of your skin. Blackheads, whiteheads, nodules, and various varieties of pimples are caused by these obstructions.
Know that you are not alone if you have acne. The majority of people encounter it as a skin problem. Most people experience acne at some point in their lives, with an estimated 80% of those between the ages of 11 and 30 having at least a mild form of it.
Who does acne affect?
Many people continue to struggle with acne well into their 20s, 30s, and beyond, despite the fact that it mostly affects adolescents and young adults going through hormonal changes. Some people may experience their first case of acne common skin problem as adults.
Where does acne most commonly occur?
The face, forehead, chest, shoulders, and upper back are the areas where acne common skin problem is most likely to occur. Your body is covered in oil glands, but those are the areas with the most of them.
Depending on how severe it is, acne treatment options vary. Acne common skin problem can range in severity from minor (a few sporadic pimples) to moderate (inflammatory papules) (nodules and cysts).
What are the different types of acne?
There are various types of acne. They consist of:–
- Blackheads are open skin lumps that collect extra oil and dead skin. The black patches, which mimic dirt deposits, are actually generated by an uneven light reflection off the obstructed follicle.
- Whiteheads: Bumpy areas that are kept closed by skin debris and oil.
- Papules: Tiny pimples that are red or pink and swell up.
- Pustules are pus-filled pimples. They have the appearance of red rings encircling whiteheads. They can cause scars if picked or scratched.
- Fungal acne (pittosporum folliculitis): This type occurs when an excess of yeast develops in the hair follicles. They could become swollen and itching.
- Nodules: Firm zits buried deep beneath the skin. They hurt and are big.
- Cysts: Acne that is pus-filled. These might leave scars.
Your self-esteem may be impacted by any of these acne types. It is advisable to consult your healthcare professional as soon as possible so that they can assist you choose the appropriate treatment option(s) for common skin problem.
Why do people get acne Or why do humans have acne?
Androgen hormones, which normally become active during adolescence and young adulthood, are a major hormonal factor in acne. Acne can be brought on by sensitivity to these hormones, in addition to surface skin microorganisms and fatty acids within oil glands.
Acne can be brought on by or made worse by certain factors:
- Hormone levels that change around a woman’s cycle.
- Picking at an acne scar.
- Wearables like hats and sports helmets, as well as clothing.
- Pollution in the air and specific meteorological conditions, particularly excessive humidity.
- Using fatty or oily personal care products, such as thick creams, lotions, or waxes, or working in an environment where you frequently come into touch with grease (such as working at a restaurant where there are greasy food surfaces and frying oil).
- Stress, which raises cortisol levels, can also make acne worse.
- Some medicines.
How is acne diagnosed?
During a skin examination, your healthcare professional can identify acne. They might also inquire about your level of stress or whether acne runs in your family, all of which are risk factors.
Teenage girls and women may also be questioned regarding their menstrual cycles because pimples might occasionally be linked to them. Sudden, severe acne outbreaks in elderly persons might sometimes suggest some underlying illness that requires medical attention.
How severe can acne get?
Acne is ranked by severity by dermatologists:
- Mostly whiteheads and blackheads in grade 1 (moderate), with a few papules and pustules.
- Multiple papules and pustules, mostly on your face, characterize grade 2 (moderate, or pustular acne).
- Numerous papules and pustules, combined with occasionally inflammatory nodules, characterize Grade 3 (moderately severe, or nodulocystic acne). Your chest and back can also be impacted.
- Numerous, sizable, painful, and inflamed pustules and nodules characterize Grade 4 (severe nodulocystic acne).
How is acne treated?
For your problem, your doctor may recommend various over-the-counter drugs. You could require stronger prescription drugs, depending on the severity of the issue, your age, the type of acne you have, and how well the over-the-counter treatments have worked for you.
Read Also: Home Remedies for Pimple Marks
A woman’s acne may occasionally disappear with the usage of specific contraceptives. Three different birth control pill kinds have been given the go-ahead by the Food and Drug Administration to treat acne. The two main female sex hormones, oestrogen and progesterone, are present in all four (a natural form of steroid that helps regulate menstruation).
Many treatments and drugs have been shown to be efficient. They concentrate on the underlying causes of acne. Depending on how serious your disease is, you might need at least one or even more.
Can acne be prevented?
During typical hormonal shifts, acne prevention is challenging, if not impossible. But certain things can be helpful:
- Use a gentle facial cleanser and warm water to wash your face every day.
- Apply moisturizer frequently.
- Although you don’t have to quit wearing makeup, attempt to use “non-comedogenic” products and take your makeup off at night.
- Do not touch your face with your hands.
Are there any special concerns for women of childbearing age with acne?
Pregnancy is not a time to use several topical and oral acne remedies. It’s crucial to talk about acne treatments with your healthcare provider if you’re a woman in your reproductive years and to let them know if you get pregnant.
Two methods of pregnancy control are necessary while using isotretinoin because it is known to cause serious birth abnormalities.
Some women with acne benefit from hormone therapy, particularly those whose symptoms (such as irregular periods) or acne flare-ups coincide with menstruation (male hormone).
Low doses of oestrogen and progesterone (found in birth control tablets) are used as hormone therapy, as is the drug spironolactone, which blocks the impact of male hormones at the level of the hair follicles and oil glands.
The most prevalent skin ailment, acne, can have significant mental effects. As soon as you detect the pimples, visit your doctor so that you can begin treatment right away and avoid scarring. Although some people will continue to have acne throughout maturity, acne typically goes away in early adulthood. This challenging condition can be managed with assistance from your doctor or a board-certified dermatologist.
Articles with medical material must be used solely for the purpose of providing general information. Such materials should not be used for (self-) diagnosis or treatment of specific illnesses or medical conditions. They cannot, for example, replace a licensed physician’s or pharmacist’s examination, advice, or treatment. The articles will not be used to respond to any specific questions.
People May Ask
Q- Can chocolate lead to acne?
A- Certain foods and diets have been connected to acne in several research. Acne flare-ups may be exacerbated by whey protein, skim milk, and sugar-rich diets. Acne and chocolate have not been causally related.
Q- Why do so many young people develop acne?
A- A rise in the hormones known as androgens (particularly, testosterone), which are produced by both men and women, is one of the causes of acne. During the teen years, certain hormones frequently reach their highest levels.
Q- Are there foods that cause acne?
Most of the time, the body’s hormonal shifts are what cause acne. Although this is still debatable, there is some evidence that diets heavy in sugar and whey protein and skim milk may contribute to acne outbreaks.
An inflammation-reducing diet should include a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, particularly those high in vitamin C and beta carotene. Additionally, there is some proof that eating fish is beneficial.
Q- Do scars from acne exist?
A- Scarring from acne does occasionally occur. It occurs when acne destroys the deeper layers of the skin by penetrating them. Inflammation causes the pore walls to break down, causing the acne pores to swell. Of course, scarring can cause anxiety, which is normal. Your healthcare professional will identify the specific type of acne that resulted in the scars before it can be treated.
There are numerous therapy methods available. Acne scar treatment options include chemical peels, dermabrasion, laser resurfacing, micro needling, and surgery.
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