Without a doubt, the world has advanced in terms of producing quick and modern technologies as well as sophisticated health-care systems, but nothing can avoid head and brain injuries caused by road traffic accidents other than stringent traffic and transportation rules and laws.
What type of brain injury is a concussion-
A concussion is the most common as well as least dangerous type of traumatic brain damage. The word concutere derives from the Latin concutere, which meaning “to forcefully shake.” A direct blow/bump to the head is the most common cause of a concussion.
As per the CDC, an approximate 173,285 people below the age of 19 were treated in hospital emergency departments for concussions caused by sports and recreational activities between 2001 and 2009. Car as well as bicycle accidents, work-related injuries, falls, as well as fighting are some of the other causes.
Causes And Risk Factors For Brain Injury
Soft tissue makes up the brain. It’s protected by the protective shell of the skull and cushioned by spinal fluid. The impact of a hit or a bump to the head might startle your brain. It genuinely causes it to move about in your head at times. Traumatic brain injuries can result in bruising, blood vessel damage, as well as nerve injury.
As a result, your brain doesn’t work as well as it should. If you’ve had a concussion, your vision may be blurred, you may lose your balance, or you may fall unconscious. In a nutshell, the brain is perplexed.
A concussion’s signs and symptoms can be subtle and may not appear right away. The signs and symptoms might linger for days, weeks, or even months.
Headache, memory loss (amnesia), as well as confusion are common following a concussive traumatic brain injury. The most common symptom of amnesia is remembering the event that produced the concussion.
The Following Are Some Of The Physical Indications And Signs of Concussion-
The following are some of the physical indications and symptoms of a concussion:
Other concussion indications and symptoms include:
The following signs and symptoms may be observed in a concussed individual by a witness:
Some concussion symptoms may appear right away, while others may take days to appear, such as:
In young children, head trauma is fairly prevalent. However, because infants and toddlers are unable to express how they feel, concussions can be difficult to detect. Symptoms of a concussion include:
When Should You See A Doctor?
If you or your child suffers a head injury, see a doctor within 1 to 2 days, even if emergency care isn’t required.
If your child shows no signs of a significant head injury, is alert, moves normally, and responds to you, the injury is likely to be minor and requires no additional testing.
If your child wants to snooze, it’s fine to let him or her to do so. If alarming symptoms appear later, seek immediate medical attention.
If an adult or kid has suffered a head injury and is experiencing signs and symptoms such as:
- Vomiting or nausea on a regular basis
- A lapse in consciousness that lasts more than 30 seconds.
- A headache that worsens with time
- Drainage of fluid or blood from the nose or ears
- Pupils that are larger than normal (dilated pupils) or pupils of unequal size are examples of vision or ocular disorders.
- Ear ringing that refuses to go away
- Arms or legs weakness
- For more than an hour, you’ve been pallid.
- Behavioral changes
- Confusion or disorientation, such as finding it difficult to recognize individuals or places
- Slurred speech or other speech changes
Problems in mental function or physical coordination are obvious.
- Physical coordination problems, such as stumbling or clumsiness
- Convulsions or seizures
- Lasting or recurrent dizziness
- Symptoms get more severe with time
- Children with large head bumps or bruises on locations other than the forehead, especially new-born under the age of 12 months
While indications or symptoms of a concussion are present, do not return to play or severe activities.
While still experiencing concussion symptoms, experts advise that an athlete with a suspected concussion not return to activities that are linked to a higher risk of another concussion.
A health care practitioner trained in evaluating and managing paediatric concussions should examine children and adolescents.
Adult, child, as well as adolescent athletes having concussions should not return to play on the same day as the injury, according to experts.
This type of brain damage can result in bleeding in or around the brain, which can cause symptoms including tiredness and confusion. These symptoms may appear right away or later.
This type of brain bleeding can be fatal. That’s why anyone who has a brain injury should be monitored in the hours afterward and should seek emergency medical attention if symptoms worsen.
Concussion can lead to the following complications:
Headaches caused by a distressing event
Concussion-related headaches can last up to seven days following a brain injury in some persons.
Vertigo from a distressing event
After a brain injury, some people have a sensation of spinning or dizziness for days, weeks, or months.
Post-concussion symptoms that don’t go away (post-concussive syndrome)
A small percentage of patients (15% to 20%) may experience symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, and difficulty thinking for more than three weeks.
If the symptoms last longer than three months, they are known as chronic post-concussive symptoms.
Multiple brain injuries have a compounding impact
The implications of repeated head injuries that don’t generate symptoms are now being researched (sub concussive injury). There is no conclusive evidence that recurrent brain injuries contribute to cumulative consequences at this time.
Syndrome of the second impact
A second concussion that occurs before the first concussion’s signs and symptoms have resolved might result in fast and typically catastrophic brain swelling.
Athletes should never return to athletics while still experiencing the signs and symptoms of a concussion.
Here are some ideas to help you avoid or reduce your risk of a head injury:
When participating in sports as well as other recreational activities, it is important to wear protective equipment
Ascertain that the equipment is properly fitted, maintained, as well as worn. Follow the game’s rules and show excellent sportsmanship.
Wear protective headgear when bicycling, motorcycling, snowboarding, or participating in any leisure activity that could result in a head injury.
Putting on seatbelt
During a motor collision, wearing a seat belt may prevent significant harm, including brain injury.
Keeping your home secure
Maintain a well-lit environment and clear your floors of anything that could cause you to slip and fall. Head injuries are frequently caused by falls in the house.
Keeping your children safe
Block off stairways as well as install window guards to help reduce the danger of brain injuries in your children.
Regular exercise is essential
Strengthen your leg muscles and enhance your balance by exercising on a regular basis.
Educating others about the dangers of concussions
Coaches, athletes, parents, and others can be educated about concussions to help raise awareness. Good sportsmanship can also be encouraged by coaches and parents.
Diagnosis of concussion
Your doctor will inquire about the incident that caused your head injury, as well as your symptoms and do a neurological examination. The neurological examination will look at:
- Reflexes and neurological function
- Vision, eye movement, and light sensitivity
- Coordination and balance are important
- Neck muscles, both in terms of motion as well as tenderness
You can use spoken, written, or digital examinations to check your:
- Ability to think
- Skills in problem-solving
- Concentration and memory
- You’ll also be asked if you’ve seen any changes in your mood, sleeping patterns, or behavior.
In the early stages of a brain damage, imaging with a CT scan or an MRI isn’t usually required. Because most of the symptoms of a concussion aren’t visible on imaging, this is the case.
However, if more significant concussion consequences are suspected – such as bleeding inside the skull, brain swelling, or spinal cord/cervical spine injuries – or if symptoms are intensifying, these imaging tests may be requested.
- Impacts neuropsychological test
- Hospital or Organization Concussion App
To recover from a concussion, you’ll need both physical and mental rest. Although you will require more rest and sleep than usual, you will not require complete rest. In fact, studies have shown that too much mental rest might prolong the recuperation process and make you more sensitive to activities once you resume them.
Rather than completely discontinuing activities, learn to detect the triggers that cause concussion symptoms. Reintroduce yourself carefully and in modest increments. When symptoms appear, take a step back and rest. It’s fine to participate in some of the things that don’t make you feel bad. Any activities that aggravate your symptoms should be avoided.
Symptoms may be triggered by, for example, the following activities:
- Texting or staring at your smartphone screen for long periods of time
- I’m in front of the television
- Playing computer games
- Loud music is being played
- Participating in any type of physical activity
- As your symptoms improve, you can gradually reintroduce more of your daily activities
A concussion is a type of severe brain damage that impairs your ability to think clearly. Headaches and difficulties with focus, memory, balance, and coordination are common side effects.
A hit to the head is the most common cause of concussions. Concussions can also be caused by violent shaking of the head and upper body.
People May Ask
What is the duration of a concussion?
Concussions usually take seven to fourteen days to heal, with an average of ten days.
Is it possible for a concussion to heal on its own?
The majority of concussions heal on their own, with no long-term consequences.
What are the symptoms of a concussion and how do doctors treat them?
To recover from a concussion, your doctor would advise you to rest physically and mentally.
What should you do right away if you hit your head?
Using sterile gauze or a clean towel, apply firm pressure to the wound.
What happens if you don’t treat a concussion?
Untreated concussion might result in long-term consequences.
The opinions presented in this article should not be regarded as a replacement for medical advice. For more information, please contact your treating physician.