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What is Leukemia Cancer- A complete Report

What is Leukemia Cancer?

– Leukemia disease is a type of blood cancer that is caused by an increase in the number of white blood cells in the body.

White Blood Cells crowd out all the red blood cells and platelets that your body requires to function properly. The additional white blood cells are ineffective.

Symptoms of Leukemia

Different types of leukemia can cause a variety of complications. In the initial stages of some types, you may not notice any symptoms. If you do experience symptoms, they may include-

Leukemia Disease

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Leukemia Causes And Risk Factors

Nobody knows what causes leukemia disease. It is caused by certain unusual chromosomes, but the chromosomes do not cause leukemia.

Leukemia cannot be prevented, but certain factors can set it off. You may be at a higher risk if you:

How does leukemia disease happen?

Blood contains three types of cells: white blood cells, which fight infection, red blood cells, which transport oxygen, and platelets, which aid in blood clotting.

Every day, your bone marrow produces billions of new blood cells, the vast majority of which are red cells. When you have leukemia, your body produces more white blood cells than you require.

These leukemia cells are incapable of fighting infection in the same manner as regular white blood cells do. And since there are so many of them, they begin to impair the way your organs function. Throughout time, you may not have enough red blood cells to deliver oxygen, platelets to clot the blood, or regular white blood cells to fight the infection.

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Leukemia disease classifications

Leukemia disease is categorized depending on how fast it grows and worsens, as well as the type of blood cell involved.

The first group is classified into acute and chronic leukaemia based on how quickly it develops.

Acute leukemia occurs when the majority of the abnormal blood cells do not mature and are unable to perform normal functions. It can quickly deteriorate.

Chronic leukemia occurs when some cells are immature but others are normal and function normally. It deteriorates more slowly than acute variants.

The second classification is based on the type of cell involved, which is separated into lymphocytic and myelogenous leukemia.

Lymphocytic (or lymphoblastic) leukemia is caused by bone marrow cells that develop into lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cell.

Myelogenous (or myeloid) leukemia affects the cells in the bone marrow that produce red blood cells, platelets, and various types of white blood cells.

Types of leukemia cancer

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The four main types of leukaemia are as follows:

Acute lymphocytic leukaemia (ALL) 

This is the most frequent type of paediatric leukaemia. It has the potential to spread to your lymph nodes and central nervous system.

Acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML) 

This is the second most frequent type of juvenile leukaemia, as well as one of the most common types of adult leukaemia.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)

The second most prevalent type of adult leukaemia. Some types of CLL will remain stable for years and will not require therapy. In the case of others, your body is unable to produce normal blood cells, and you will require treatment.

Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

You may not notice any symptoms if you have this kind. It is possible that you will not be diagnosed with it until you undergo a routine blood test.

Diagnosis of Leukemia cancer

Your doctor will need to examine your blood and bone marrow for symptoms of leukemia. They may conduct tests such as:

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Blood tests

A complete blood count (CBC) examines the amount and maturation of various types of blood cells. A blood smear searches for abnormal or immature cells.

Bone marrow biopsy

A large needle is used to extract marrow from your pelvic bone for this test. It can inform your doctor about the type of leukemia you have and how serious it is.

Spinal tap

Fluid from your spinal cord is involved in this. It can inform your doctor about the spread of leukaemia.

Imaging tests

CT, MRI, and PET scans can detect symptoms of leukemia.

Treatments for Leukemia cancer

The treatment you receive is determined by the type of leukemia you have, the extent of its spread, and your overall health. The following are the primary options:

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Chemotherapy is a treatment that employs medications to eliminate cancer cells in your blood and bone marrow. You can obtain the medication by going to the following website:

By inserting a needle into a vein or muscle
As a pill, inject it into the fluid around your spinal cord.


Radiation uses high-energy X-rays to destroy or stop the growth of leukaemia cells. You can get it all over your body or just in one area where there are a lot of cancer cells.

Biologic therapy

Biologic therapy, also known as immunotherapy, assists your immune system in locating and attacking cancer cells. Interleukins and interferon are drugs that can help improve your body’s natural defences against leukemia.

Targeted therapy 

Targeted therapy involves the use of medications to inhibit the growth of cancer cells by blocking specific genes or proteins. This medication can inhibit the signals that leukaemia cells use to grow as well as divide, cut off their blood supply, or directly kill them.

A stem cell transplant 

A stem cell transplant replaces leukemia cells in your bone marrow with fresh blood-producing cells. The fresh stem cells might be obtained by your doctor from your own body or from a donor. To begin, you will get high-dose chemotherapy to eliminate the cancer cells in your bone marrow. The fresh stem cells will then be delivered to you via an injection into one of your veins. They will develop into brand-new, healthy blood cells.


Leukemia disease develops when the DNA of a single cell in the bone marrow alters (mutates), causing it to be unable to develop and function normally. Treatment for leukemia disease is determined by the type of leukemia disease, your age and overall health, and whether or not the leukemia has spread to other organs or tissues.

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What is AML and CML?

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)

What is AML leukemia disease?

Adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a kind of malignancy in which the bone marrow produces an abnormally large number of blood cells.

What are the four different forms of leukemia disease?

There are four basic forms of leukemia, depending on whether it is acute or chronic, and whether it is myeloid or lymphocytic:

  • Acute myeloid (or myelogenous) leukemia (AML)
  • Myeloid (or myelogenous) leukemia (CML)
  • Acute lymphocytic (or lymphoblastic) leukemia (ALL)
  • CLL (chronic lymphocytic leukemia) (CLL)

What are the three AML stages?

AML is often divided into three stages: placement, layering, and integration.


The opinions presented in this article should not be regarded as a replacement for medical advice. For more information, please contact your treating physician.

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