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What Does Nystagmus Mean

What does Nystagmus Mean- Nystagmus is an involuntary rhythm of eyes in corners, up-and-down, and circular movement can be caused by a number of factors.

Nystagmus is a condition that affects both eyes. It could be temporary or last for a long time.

Nystagmus is divided into two categories. The eye movement in pendular nystagmus is similar to a pendulum swinging back and forth. The most common type of jerk nystagmus is defined by eyes that move gradually in one direction before jerking back in the other direction.

When a patient is being checked for dizziness, vertigo, or even other inner ear balance issues, doctors may observe nystagmus.

What Does Nystagmus Mean

Nystagmus Symptoms

Patients with nystagmus commonly suffer oscillopsia, or the illusory sense that the motionless visual world is moving.

Vertigo, dizziness, or balance problems are mostly present whenever nystagmus is caused by a malfunction with the vestibular system inside the inner ear or the brain. Nystagmus is characterized by fuzzy eyesight as well as leaping vision.

Symptoms of nystagmus, or fast eye movement, include:

  • A light sensitivity
  • Dizziness
  • Inability to see in the dark
  • Issues with vision
  • Keeping the head twisted or inclined
  • The sensation that the world is shivering

Nystagmus is a condition that affects both children and adults

Congenital and acquired nystagmus are the 2 types of nystagmus.

Congenital nystagmus

This kind of nystagmus appears in infants between the ages of 6 weeks as well as 3 months. This disorder affects both of a child’s eyes, that move side ways. Usually, doctors are baffled as to what is generating the child’s illness. It is sometimes hereditary (passed down from parents to children).

Nystagmus affects children who do not perceive things as “shaking.” Rather than, they can experience a hazy vision.

Acquired nystagmus

This ailment manifests itself later in life. It can be caused by a variety of factors, such as major medical issues or drug and alcohol abuse.

Adults having nystagmus, especially children with congenital nystagmus, frequently report that things around them appear unstable.


Nystagmus Causes-

Disease which affects the inner ear balancing mechanisms or the rear half of the brain are the most common causes of jerk nystagmus (brainstem or cerebellum).

Pendular nystagmus can be caused by brain illnesses like multiple sclerosis, but it can also be a congenital issue.

The following are some of the causes of nystagmus:

  • Have a nystagmus family history
  • Albinism (lack of color, or pigmentation, in the skin)
  • Cataracts, strabismus, and focusing issues are all common in newborns and children’s eyes.
  • Meniere’s illness is one example of an inner ear condition.
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • a stroke (common in old person)
  • Injuries to the head (a common cause of acquired nystagmus in younger people)
  • Certain medications, such as lithium or anti-seizure drugs, may be used.
  • Use of alcohol or other drugs

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Nystagmus Diagnosis

When nystagmus is a new symptom that is accompanied by new dizziness or vertigo, the person should seek medical help right away.

A neurologist or neuro-ophthalmologist should be consulted if you are suffering small circular nystagmus for first time. Pendular nystagmus should be evaluated as soon as possible, even if it is not an emergency.

To rule out a potentially serious cause such as stroke, the doctor may prescribe tests including a brain MRI or blood work, based on the related symptoms.

Nystagmus Treatment

Nystagmus is usually a transient condition that disappears or improves with time. Although certain drugs may be used to treat chronic nystagmus, not all doctors feel that they are useful or that the risks outweigh the benefits.


Articles with medical material must be used solely for the purpose of providing general information. Such materials should not be used for (self-) diagnosis or treatment of specific illnesses or medical conditions. They cannot, for example, replace a licensed physician’s or pharmacist’s examination, advice, or treatment. The articles will not be used to respond to any specific questions.

People May Ask-

What Does Nystagmus Mean?

The parts of the brain that manage eye movements don’t work correctly in those who have nystagmus. Nystagmus could be a symptom of another eye disorder or be linked to a medical condition. Retina or optic nerve diseases are among the causes and consequences for nystagmus.

What are the types of nystagmus?

Spontaneous central vestibular nystagmus

  1. Downbeat nystagmus.
  2. Upbeat nystagmus.
  3. Torsional nystagmus.

Is nystagmus a vertigo symptom?

Vertigo is a spinning, whirling, as well as turning sensation. Individuals frequently get the sensation that the room is spinning or moving, causing them to lose their balance and have difficulties standing or walking. Infected people frequently have aberrant eye movements throughout vertigo attacks (nystagmus).

Is it possible for sinus to cause nystagmus?

The patients had either a positional nystagmus or a head-shaking nystagmus, with altered vestibular spinal response as a pathological vestibular state, in relation to the pathological X-ray observations in the maxillary sinuses.

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