Disease

What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetic Neuropathy

Story Highlights
  • What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetic Neuropathy
  • How Can We Prevent Diabetic Neuropathy From Getting Worse?
  • How Can We Prevent Diabetic Neuropathy?
  • What Causes Diabetic Neuropathy?

Here we are discussing about What is Diabetic Neuropathy and what are the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy? Diabetic neuropathy is a dangerous and common consequence of diabetes, both type 1 and type 2.

It’s a sort of nerve injury induced by high blood sugar levels for an extended period of time. The illness normally takes a long time to develop, possibly several decades.

You should consult your doctor if you have diabetes and neuropathy experience numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in your hands or feet.

These are some of the first signs of peripheral neuropathy. When you can’t feel pain and an ulcer forms on your foot, you’re in risk.

You may be exposed to injuries or infections if you have severe or long-term peripheral neuropathy. Amputation may be required in severe cases due to poor wound healing or infection.

Nerves are special tissue bundles that transmit impulses from your brain to various regions of your body. The indications:

  • Move your body parts
  • Control body activities such as digestion
  • Convey information about how things feel

What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetic Neuropathy

It’s normal for neuropathy symptoms to arise gradually. The nerves of the feet are frequently the first to be affected by diabetes and nerve damage. This might cause “pins and needles” in your feet, which can be quite unpleasant.

Symptoms differ depending on which parts of the body are affected. The following are some of the most common indications and signs of diabetic neuropathy:

  • sensitivity to touch
  • loss of sense of touch
  • difficulty with coordination when walking
  • numbness or pain in your hands or feet
  • burning sensation in feet, especially at night
  • muscle weakness or wasting
  • bloating or fullness
  • nausea, indigestion, or vomiting
  • diarrhea or constipation
  • dizziness when you stand up
  • excessive or decreased sweating
  • bladder problems, such as incomplete bladder emptying
  • vaginal dryness
  • erectile dysfunction
  • inability to sense low blood glucose
  • vision trouble, such as double vision
  • increased heart rate

What Are The Different Types Of Diabetic Neuropathy?

The following are examples of diabetic neuropathy.

What-Are-The-Symptoms-Of-Diabetic-Neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is a type of nerve injury that most commonly affects the feet and legs, but can also affect the hands and arms.

Cardiac Autonomic neuropathy

Damage to the nerves that control your internal organs is known as cardiac autonomic neuropathy. Autonomic neuropathy can affect your heart rate and blood pressure, digestion, bladder, genital organs, sweat glands, vision, and capacity to detect hypoglycemia, among other things.

Focal neuropathy

Focal neuropathy is condition in which specific nerves are damaged, most commonly in the hand, head, torso, and leg.

Proximal neuropathy

Proximal neuropathy in the hip, buttock, or thigh is an uncommon and disabling type of nerve injury. Nerve injury of this type usually affects one side of the body and only rarely spreads to the other. Proximal neuropathy is a painful condition that can lead to considerable weight loss.

Who Is Most Likely To Get Diabetic Neuropathy?

The older you get and the longer you have diabetes, the more likely you are to have nerve damage as a result of diabetes. Diabetes management is an important element of avoiding health complications like diabetes and neuropathy. If you have diabetes, you’re also more prone to have nerve damage.

  • Have high blood pressure because they are overweight
  • Have severe renal disease and excessive cholesterol
  • Ingest excessive amounts of alcoholic beverages
  • Smoke

Certain genes may also make people more susceptible to develop diabetic neuropathy, according to research.

How Common Is Diabetic Neuropathy?

Although several types of diabetic neuropathy can affect persons with diabetes, research suggests that peripheral neuropathy affects up to 50% of those with diabetes. Autonomic neuropathy affects more than 30% of persons with diabetes. 

Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most prevalent type of focal neuropathy, in which a nerve in your wrist is crushed.

Although only approximately ten percent of diabetics experience symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, roughly one-quarter of those with diabetes experience nerve compression in the wrist. 

Other types of localized neuropathies, as well as proximal neuropathy, are uncommon.

What-Are-The-Symptoms-Of-Diabetic-Neuropathy

What Causes Diabetic Neuropathy?

Diabetes causes excessive blood glucose, often known as blood sugar, and high levels of fats in the blood, such as triglycerides, which can harm your nerves over time.

High blood glucose levels can also harm the small blood arteries that supply oxygen and nourishment to your nerves. Your nerves will not operate properly if you don’t provide them adequate oxygen and nourishment.

What Problems Does Diabetic Neuropathy Cause?

Because nerve loss can cause you to lose feeling in your feet, peripheral neuropathy can lead to foot issues like sores, ulcers, and infections.

As a result, you may be unaware that your shoes are irritating your feet or that you have hurt them. Nerve damage can also cause balance and coordination issues, which can lead to falls and fractures.

These issues may make it difficult for you to go around, and you may lose part of your freedom as a result of them. Nerve damage produces persistent pain in some diabetics, which can lead to worry and depression.

Autonomic neuropathy can affect how your organs function, including heart rate and blood pressure, digestion, urination, and your capacity to perceive pain.

How Can We Prevent Diabetic Neuropathy?

It is critical to control your diabetes by controlling your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels in order to avoid diabetic neuropathy.

To assist avoid diabetes-related nerve damage, you should also take the following steps:

  • Maintain a healthy weight and stick to your diabetes eating plan.
  • Obtain assistance in quitting smoking Limit alcoholic beverages to one drink per day for ladies and two drinks per day for men.
  • Take any diabetes medications and other medications prescribed by your doctor.

How Can We Prevent Diabetic Neuropathy From Getting Worse?

If you have diabetic neuropathy, you should take care of your diabetes by controlling your blood sugar, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and weight. This will help to prevent nerve damage from worsening.

All people with diabetes need to take care of their feet, but it’s much more crucial if you have peripheral neuropathy.

Read Also: Diabetes During Pregnancy: Highest Risks to the baby

Every day, check your feet for concerns and take proper care of them. At least once a year, see your doctor for a neurological checkup and a foot exam—more frequently if you have foot problems.

Conclusion

Diabetes can cause nerve damage. Neuropathy is a type of injury that can be painful.

It can manifest itself in a variety of ways, all of which appear to be linked to blood sugar levels that have been elevated for an extended period of time. To avoid it, work with your doctor to keep your blood sugar under control.

Peripheral, autonomic, proximal, and focal neuropathy are the four types of diabetes-related neuropathy that your doctor may mention.

Disclaimer

Articles with medical material must be used solely for the purpose of providing general information. Such materials should not be used for (self-) diagnosis or treatment of specific illnesses or medical conditions. They cannot, for example, replace a licensed physician’s or pharmacist’s examination, advice, or treatment. The articles will not be used to respond to any specific questions.

People May Ask 3

Q- Diabetic neuropathy is caused by a variety of factors.

A- Diabetic neuropathy is caused by a variety of factors. Diabetes causes excessive blood glucose, often known as blood sugar, and high levels of fats in the blood, such as triglycerides, which can harm your nerves over time. High blood glucose levels can also harm the small blood arteries that supply oxygen and nourishment to your nerves.

Q- Diabetic neuropathy commonly begins in the feet.

A- Diabetic peripheral neuropathy usually begins in the feet and legs, but it can also affect the hands and arms.

Q- What is the sensation of diabetic neuropathy?

A- Numbness or tingling in the fingers, toes, hands, and feet can be a symptom of diabetic neuropathy. A scorching, intense, or painful ache is another symptom (diabetic nerve pain). The discomfort may be moderate at first, but it might worsen over time.

Q- Is it possible to reverse diabetic neuropathy?

A- Although scientists are working on future treatments, there is presently no way to reverse diabetic neuropathy. For the time being, the best strategy is to control blood sugar levels with medication and lifestyle adjustments. Maintaining target glucose levels can help to prevent the risk of neuropathy and associated effects.

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