Health Care

Risk Of Heart Damage from Covid-19 Increases: Experts

Patients who have recovered from Covid-19 infections are at an increased risk of heart damage from covid. According to specialists at the GB Pant Hospital in Delhi, post-Covid-19 consequences include heart and lung difficulties, and many patients are experiencing problems following their recovery from Covid-19 infections.

Some of the symptoms seen in coronavirus “long-haulers,” such as palpitations, dizziness, chest pain, and shortness of breath, could be caused by cardiac problems — or just by being infected with COVID-19.

How can you identify if your symptoms are linked to your risk of heart damage, and what should you expect if they are?

What are the possible risk of heart damage from COVID -19?

The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus causes COVID-19, a disease that damages heart muscle and impairs cardiac function.

This is due to a number of factors. The coronavirus connects to angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2) receptors on cardiac cells before entering them.

High levels of inflammatory circulating in the body can potentially cause risk of heart damage. The inflammatory process that occurs while the body’s immune system battles the virus can harm some healthy tissues, including the heart.

Coronavirus infection that affects the inner walls of veins and arteries, causing blood vessel irritation, damage to extremely small capillaries, and blood clots, all of which can obstruct blood supply to the heart and other regions of the body.

“Severe COVID-19 is a disease that damages the endothelial cells that line the blood vessels,” adds Post.

Heart Damage

Heart Rate and COVID-19

If you experience a rapid heartbeat or palpitations after taking COVID-19, you should consult your doctor. A brief rise in heart rate can result from a variety of risk factor of heart damage, including dehydration.

Make sure you’re getting enough water, especially if you’re suffering from a fever. A fast or irregular heart beat might cause the following symptoms:

  • Feeling your heart pounding in your chest quickly or erratically (palpitations)
  • Lightheadedness or dizziness, especially when standing
  • Uncomfortable chest

What are the signs that people may have developed a heart damage after COVID-19?

After a coronavirus infection, severe weariness is frequent, as it is after any significant sickness. Shortness of breath, chest discomfort, and palpitations are common symptoms.

“Any of these issues could be connected to the heart damage, but they could also be the result of other things, such as the consequence of being very ill, extended inactivity, and weeks spent recuperating in bed,”.

POTS after COVID-19

When people recover from the coronavirus, they may have symptoms of POTS (postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome). Researchers are looking into the possibility of a link.

POTS is a neurologic disorder that affects the component of the neurological system that controls heart rhythm and blood flow, rather than a cardiac problem.

When you get up, the syndrome might induce rapid heartbeats, which could also cause brain fog, weariness, palpitations, light – headedness, and other symptoms.

Is a heart damage more likely after COVID-19?

It relies on the following factors: According to Post, a “heart damage” might take various different forms. A type 1 heart attack, which occurs when a blood clot blocks one of the heart’s arteries, is uncommon during or after infection with COVID-19.

“With COVID-19, type 2 heart attacks are more prevalent.” “This heart attack is triggered by increased cardiac stress, such as a rapid heartbeat, low blood oxygen levels, or anemia, since the heart muscle isn’t getting enough exercise transported in the blood to complete this extra work.”

This has been observed in patients who have had acute coronavirus disease, although it is less common in those who have recovered.”

Some persons had higher amounts of a chemical called troponin in their blood during COVID-19, as well as EKG alterations and chest pain, according to lab testing. Troponin levels that are elevated are a symptom of damaged cardiac tissue. This can occur as a result of a heart attack. After COVID-19, this is less common.

“Elevated troponin levels with an aberrant EKG are connected to greater mortality during acute COVID-19, but not in individuals with a normal EKG,” says the study.

Heart Damage

When should people see a doctor if they are having heart damage symptoms after coronavirus?

SymptomWhen to call 911When to call doctor
Shortness of breathThe oxygen saturation level is less than 92 %.
Sudden onset of bluish lips or face.
When you’re lying down, it’s even worse.
Exertion makes it worse, and it’s accompanied by weariness or ankle edema.
Chest painChest discomfort that is severe Nausea, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, or sweating are common side effects.
Sudden chest pain, especially if it is accompanied by shortness of breath that lasts more than five minutes.
Pain that persists but isn’t severe
Frequency is increasing.
15-minute relief from new chest pain (otherwise call 911)
Rest relieves new exertional chest discomfort.

Read Also- WHO Recommends Two Medicines For The Treatment Of Corona, Patients Will Get Immediate Relief

Shortness of Breath or Chest Pain After COVID-19: Are these signs of an emergency?

Shortness of Breath

Shortness of breath isn’t usually a sign of something serious, but if you have it together with low oxygen levels (below 92 %), you should be worried.” People who have been inactive for a long period and need to eventually bring their muscular endurance back up may experience shortness of breath with exercise after taking COVID-19.

COVID-19 Chest Pain

“Chest pain may be nothing to worry about, but if it’s severe, seek medical attention, especially if it’s persistent or accompanied by nausea, shortness of breath, or lightheadedness: These could be signs of a heart attack.

“You might well have lung inflammation if you already have chest pain when you inhale.” “A blood clot inside the lung (pulmonary embolism) could cause sudden, acute chest pain,” Post explains.

Heart Failure and COVID-19

It’s unusual to get a diagnosis of heart failure after using COVID-19. If you have shortness of breath or leg swelling after taking COVID-19, call your doctor, who may recommend a cardiologist examination if testing reveal you are at risk.

Shortness of breath is a symptom of heart damage, although it can be caused by a variety of factors, including COVID-related pneumonia and other noncardiac reasons. The following are some of the signs and symptoms of heart damage:

  • Shortness of breath, particularly when exerted
  • Fatigue
  • When lying down, you may experience shortness of breath.
  • Swelling of the legs
  • Urination during the night (Note: frequent urination at night in men is a common symptom of an enlarged prostate.)

Conclusion

Aside from heart damage problems, many who have recovered from Covid-19 have also experienced issues with their kidneys and liver. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cardiovascular disorders account for 75% of fatalities in fully healed individuals in underdeveloped nations. Meanwhile, in India, heart disease claimed the lives of 27% of patients who had totally recovered with Covid-19.

People May Ask

Is heart damage caused by COVID-19 permanent?

COVID-19 can also impact the strength of heart pumping, but little variations in cardiac pumping are unlikely to create difficulties, according to Post.

Physical therapy, breathing exercises, and, most importantly, patience can help someone recover from COVID-19. Anyone recuperating from COVID-19 should expect a slow recovery and therefore should not expect a quick return to regular activity levels, according to Post.

Can having COVID-19 make an existing heart condition worse?

“Severe COVID may exacerbate a heart problem, but this is unlikely in mild or asymptomatic cases,” Post explains. “However, the coronavirus’s effects on established heart disease are unknown.”

Can heart problems show up long after COVID-19 recovery?

Many of these questions, according to Post, are still unanswered. SARS-CoV-2 was identified in 2019, and the overwhelming majority of COVID-19 survivors have only recently begun to recover. It’s difficult to predict how the disease will damage people’s hearts in the long run, and this is just one area where researchers are concerned.

Disclaimer

The ideas and suggestions in this article are provided for general information only and should not be taken as medical advice. Before beginning any program or making any dietary changes, always consult your doctor or a dietitian.

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