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Neuroplasticity Psychology definition

Neuroplasticity Psychology definition- The brain’s power to adapt and change in response to experience is known as neuroplasticity. It’s also described as brain plasticity. Whenever people describe the brain has plasticity, they’re not saying that it’s like plastic also known as plasticity in psychology.

The brain plasticity psychology is defined as its tendency to be “easily influenced, learned, or managed.”

“Neuro” relates to the nerve cells that form the brain as well as nervous system’s building blocks. Whenever nerve cells change or adapt, this is termed as neuroplasticity.

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Types Of Neuroplasticity-

There are around 100 billions of neurons in the human brain.  Neurogenesis, or the formation of new neurons, was thought to stop shortly after birth by early researchers.

The brain’s unique ability to restructure pathways, make new connections, as well as, in some cases, even make new neurons is now known as neuroplasticity.

Neuroplasticity can be divided into two categories-

Neuroplasticity Psychology definition

Functional plasticity

It refers to the brain’s ability to work or functions from damaged area to unaffected area.

Structural plasticity 

It refers to the brain’s ability to modify its physical structure in response to learning.

Neuroplasticity Works

A child’s brain grows rapidly during the first few years of life. Each neuron in the cerebral cortex has about 2,500 synapses at birth, which are tiny gaps between neurons wherein nerve impulses are conveyed. This number has increased to 15,000 synapses per neuron by the age of 3.

The average adult, on the other hand, has just approximately half as many synapses. Why?

Because some relationships are stronger as we receive new experiences, while others are weakened. Synaptic pruning is the term for this procedure.

The connections between neurons that are used regularly become stronger. Those who are used little or never die. The brain may adjust to changing environments by making new connections as well as pruning old ones.

Benefits of Neuroplasticity

The benefits of brain neuroplasticity are numerous. Helping your brain to adapt and alter aids in the development of:

  • Power to learn new things.
  • The ability to improve one’s cognitive abilities.
  • Stroke recovery and traumatic brain injury recovery
  • Increasing the strength of places where function has been lost or deteriorated
  • Improvements that can help you improve your mental fitness
Neuroplasticity Psychology definition

Characteristics of Neuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity has a few distinguishing properties.

The Influence of Age and Environment

While plasticity happens throughout one’s life, certain alterations are more prevalent at various ages. The brain changes a lot in the early stages of life, as the immature brain grows as well as organizes itself, for example.

Neuroplasticity is a dynamic process

Plasticity occurs throughout life and includes cells apart from neurons in the brain, such as glial as well as vascular cells. It can happen as a result of brain injury or as a result of learning, experience, as well as memory development.

Limits of Brain Plasticity

It’s vital to remember, though, that the brain isn’t inexhaustibly changeable. Certain parts of the brain are in charge of specific actions. There are parts of the brain that are involved in movement, language, speech, and cognition, for example.

How Can Neuroplasticity Be Improved?

At any age, there are tips to take to help your brain to adapt and change.

Make Your Environment Better

Learning environments that provide many opportunity for focused attention, novelty, as well as challenge have been found to promote good brain changes. This is especially critical during childhood and teenage years, but enriching your environment can bring brain benefits long after you’ve grown up.

Get a Lot of Sleep

Sleep appears to have a significant role in dendritic formation in the brain, according to research. Dendrites are the extensions of neurons that aid in the transmission of information from one neuron to the next. You might be able to induce more brain plasticity by strengthening these connections.

Exercise on a regular basis

Regular exercise has a lot of advantages for the brain. Exercise may help reduce neuron loss in important parts of the hippocampus, a section of the brain involved in memory and other processes. Other research suggests that exercise aids in the development of new neurons in the same area.

Plasticity Issues in the Brain

Changes in the brain are frequently seen as improvements, but this is not always the case. The structure and function of the brain can be negatively altered or changed in some cases.

When it allows harmful alterations produced by substance abuse, sickness, or trauma, for example, brain plasticity can be troublesome (including brain injury or traumatic experiences that result in PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder)). Even lead poisoning has been shown to have a deleterious impact on brain plasticity.

Relationship between neuroplasticity and depression

There is a form of negative neuroplasticity when it comes to psychiatric diseases; sadness can harm the brain, boosting unhealthy as well as maladaptive pathways while discouraging good and adaptable ones.

Depression treatments appear to be able to prevent the harm and possibly even cure it. Neuroplasticity depression research has demonstrated that “your everyday habits can have demonstrable effects on structural and functional brain,” which may facilitate recovery and curing from psychiatric diseases.


The brain has a remarkable ability to evolve over the course of our lives, allowing us to learn new skills and recover from brain injuries. Even so, the brain has a limit to how far it can adapt.

Brain plasticity can also be improved by constantly challenging ourselves, prioritizing sleep, and obtaining frequent exercise. It’s also a good idea to stay away from certain substances.

Read Also- How to Meditate Properly

People May Ask

What is the significance of neuroplasticity?

It would be hard to learn or increase brain function in absence of neuroplasticity. It also contributes in the recovery of injuries and illnesses involving the brain.

What does neuroplasticity examples?

When compared to children who do not have blindness, research has indicated that children having blindness have greater connectivity and reorganized neurocircuits. This shows that the brain adjusts to the loss of vision by modifying its structure and function, allowing blind youngsters to better use information received through other senses (such as hearing and touch) these are brain plasticity examples.

What is positive neuroplasticity?

Good, long-lasting change. Positive neuroplasticity has the capacity to improve their brain function.

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