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Different Types of Salt- A Knowledgeable Report

Different Types of Salt is among the most valuable kitchen ingredients. It has the potential to make or break any dish. It reduces bitterness and enhances flavor by giving sweet and sour recipes a two-dimensional taste.

It also improves and amplifies the flavor of dishes, adding to the overall eating experience. This is why it is essential to differentiate between dishes with varying salt levels or cook with different types of salt.

Without sprinkling of salt, no dish is complete. Salt is an essential component of people’s diets all over the world. This is due to the fact that, aside from its flavor-enhancing characteristics, salt plays an important role in a variety of processes in the body.

It is a compound that can be derived from a variety of sources. The salt which is used typically is extracted from either of two sources: the sea or salt mines. Usually, salt is extracted from salt mines or by evaporating seawater or other mineral-rich water.

There are numerous types of salt available. Plain table salt, Himalayan pink salt, and Iodised salt are all popular varieties. These may differ in flavour, texture, colour and features.

Different Types of Salt

White Salt

Common salt or table salt or white salt is the same, that is, sodium chloride (NaCl). 390 milligrams of sodium are contained in one gram of salt (sodium chloride). Salt is the most major source of sodium in the diet. It is composed of 40% sodium and 60% chlorides and is also known as sodium chloride (NaCl).

This is the most commonly used type of salt, and it is also the most easily available. It is not only finely ground with no impurities, but it is also extremely polished. The salt is treated with an anti-caking agent to keep it from crumbling.

To name a few of its applications, sodium in salt helps to maintain blood pressure, nerve and muscle function, the water balance of body cells, and nutrient absorption.

Sodium can be found in a variety of foods, including bread, cereals, cured meats, sauces, condiments, cereals, chips, crackers, and soups.

Salt has traditionally been used to preserve food. High salt concentrations aid in the prevention of bacterial growth, which can cause food to spoil.

Know About Different Types of Salt: White Salt, Black Salt and Iodised Salt

Black Salt

Black salt is a common, natural, pinkish-brown colored rock salt with a slightly pungent odor. In layman’s terms, Himalayan salt is also known as Indian black salt. Many other types of salt mines in the Himalayan region, including Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, and India, produce black salt. It is a type of kiln-fired rock salt with a sulphurous and pungent odor.

It comes in three varieties: black ritual salt (which is not consumed), black lava salt, and Himalayan black salt, which is widely used in South Asian cuisines.

These types of salt is preserved using a variety of spices, charcoal, seeds, and tree bark. Furthermore, it is kept in a hot oven for a full day until it is properly cooled, processed, and aged. This process is responsible for the reddish black colour of this salt. It is also said to treat bloating, constipation, heartburn, and stomach cramps and spasms.

It contains unique sulphurous compounds that make it very useful. Black salt is primarily composed of sodium chloride, but it also contains traces of many other beneficial minerals, including sodium (Na), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), silicon (Si), strontium (Sr), lithium (Li), chlorine (Cl), and sulphur (S). The presence of trace amounts of these minerals contributes to the benefits of black salt.

Know About Different Types of Salt: White Salt, Black Salt and Iodised Salt

Iodised Salt

Some salts are fortified with iodine, iron, folic acid, or a combination of these nutrients. Table salt, for example, frequently contains added iodine. Iodized salt is salt that has been treated with a small amount of sodium or potassium iodide.

It’s just regular salt that’s been sprayed with potassium iodate. It has the same appearance and flavor. The majority of table salt used today is iodized, which has numerous advantages.

Iodine consumption prevents iodine deficiency. Iodine deficiency is a common public health concern in many countries that can be easily remedied by intentionally adding small amounts of iodine to the sodium chloride salt.

As a result, modern table of types of salt are fortified with iodine, which protects against thyroid problems that are commonly caused by iodine deficiency. It has also been shown to be essential for a child’s brain’s proper development.

Iodine deficiency affects approximately two billion people worldwide and is the leading preventable cause of intellectual and developmental disabilities. Thyroid gland problems, such as endemic goitre, are also caused by deficiency.

Know About Different Types of Salt: White Salt, Black Salt and Iodised Salt

Table below describes the various types of salts along with their distinctive features:

Distinctive features Table saltBlack saltIodised salt
CompositionIt is pure sodium chloride (NaCl) without any impuritiesBlack salt is a mixture of many salts which have their specific contribution to the taste, smell, and colour of black saltIt is sodium chloride along with small amount of iodine(which may be in the form of sodium iodide or potassium iodide)
ColourWhiteDark pink or pinkish-brownWhite
OdourIt has no odourA slight pungent smellNo odour
TasteSalty tasteMild sour, salty tasteSalty taste
Types of saltIt is a type of sea saltIt is a type of rock saltfortified common salt
Manufacturing processIt is obtained by the evaporation of sea waterBlack salt is a natural rock salt mined in the regions surrounding the Himalayas.It is obtained by the bio-fortification of common salt with salts of iodine
UsesTable salt is more widely used in cooking and preservation of foodsBlack salt is mainly used as a condiment in cooked and raw foods. Additionally, it has many medicinal properties and thus used extensively in Ayurveda.Iodised salt is mainly used in cooking because it has medicinal properties and it helps in fighting against iodine deficiency.

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Table salt is pure sodium chloride (NaCl), whereas black salt is a natural salt that contains mostly sodium chloride with traces of other types of salt. Black salt contains sulphurous compounds, which are responsible for its distinctive color, smell, and taste.

Black salt has lower sodium content than table salt, making it suitable for hypertensive people. Black salt contains trace amounts of fluorine but very little iodine. As a result, it is preferable to use black salt in place of common salt.

Iodized salt is table salt that has been mixed with trace amounts of Different types of salt (iodine salts). Modern table salts are fortified with iodine, which protects against problems that are commonly caused by iodine deficiency.

The best way to maintain optimal health is to combine 1 kg of common salt (which is iodized) with 1 kg of black salt and this mixture of different types of salt should be used in the regular cooking.

types of salt

What are the three different types of salt?

Neutral salts, acidic salts, and basic salts are three types of salts.

Which salt is the most nutritious?

Many people feel that Himalayan salt is a healthier alternative to table salt or sodium chloride.

Which salt is suitable for cooking?

Sea salt is high in sea minerals such as magnesium, calcium, potassium, iron, zinc, and iodine.

What really is this black salt?

Kala namak is a sulphurous, pungent-smelling kiln-fired rock salt popular in the Indian subcontinent. It is also referred to as “Himalayan black salt.”


The opinions presented in this article should not be regarded as a replacement for medical advice. For more information, please contact your treating physician.

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