Health Care

Different Types Of Heart Disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). One in every four deaths in the United States is caused by Different Types Of Heart Disease.

This disease makes no distinctions, it is the foremost cause of death for people of all genders, races, and ethnicities.

What Is Cardiovascular Disease?

The term cardiovascular disease can refer to heart conditions that primarily affect the blood vessels. Heart requires a sufficient blood supply to provide oxygen to the muscle so that it can contract and pump blood to the rest of the body. The heart not only pumps blood to the rest of the body, but it also supplies blood to itself via the coronary arteries.

When one or more coronary arteries narrow, sufficient blood circulation to the heart becomes challenging, notably during exercise. This can cause the heart muscle to ache like other muscles of the body. If the arteries continue to narrow, even minimal activity may cause stress to the heart and produce symptoms.

What Are The Different Types Of Heart Disease?

Heart disease encompasses a wide range of diseases and conditions. Heart disease can be classified into the following categories:

  • Arrhythmia
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • Heart infections
  • Heart failure
Heart Disease

Table below describes about the various types of heart disease and their symptoms:

Types of Heart diseasesSymptoms
Arrhythmia An irregular heartbeat is referred to as arrhythmia. It happens when the electrical impulses that coordinate the heartbeat aren’t working properly. As a result, the heartbeat may be too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia), or erratic (atrial fibrillation).Lightheadedness a fluttering heart beat slow pulse fainting spells dizziness chest pain
Coronary artery disease It is also known as coronary heart disease. It occurs when the arteries supplying blood to the heart become clogged with plaque. As a result, they become stiff and narrow. Due to improper circulation, heart receives less oxygen and nutrients, resulting in deterioration of heart muscle over time and increasing the risk of heart failure.Chest pain a feeling of pressure or squeezing in the chest shortness of breath nausea feelings of indigestion or gas
Cardiac myopathy This is the medical term for heart muscle diseases. They are also known as enlarged hearts. People with these conditions have abnormally large, thick, or rigid hearts. Their hearts are unable to pump blood as efficiently as they should. Cardiomyopathies deteriorate if not treated and can result in heart failure and irregular heart rhythms.Fatigue bloating swollen legs, especially ankles and feet shortness of breath pounding or rapid pulse
Congenital heart defects These are the heart problems which are present by birth. Congenital heart defects come in a variety of forms, including: Atypical heart valves Septal defects Atresia Absence of a ventricle or atrium Unusual connections between the main arteriesBlue-tinged skins welling of the extremities shortness of breath or difficulty breathing fatigue and low energy irregular heart rhythm
Heart infections The term “heart infection” can refer to a variety of conditions, including endocarditis and myocarditis. The most common causes of heart infections are bacteria, parasites, and viruses.Chest pain chest congestion or coughing fever chills skin rash
Heart failure In this condition, heart continues to function, but not as well as it should. Congestive heart failure is a type of heart failure caused by problems with the pumping or relaxing function of the heart.Chest pain palpitations swollen legs and feet fatigue inability to exercise shortness of breath on lying down and on exercise

What Are The Causes And Risk Factors Of Heart Disease?

Heart disease develops when there is:

  • Damage to all or part of the heart
  • A problem with the blood vessels leading to or from the heart
  • A low supply of oxygen and nutrients to the heart
  • A problem with the rhythm of the heart
  • There may be a genetic cause

However, certain lifestyle factors and medical conditions can raise the risk. These includes:

  • Diabetes
  • Medications, supplements, and herbal remedies
  • Hypertension and uncontrolled blood pressure
  • Excessive alcohol or caffeine use
  • Substance abuse disorders
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Obesity
  • High cholesterol
  • Lack of exercise
  • Hereditary or genetic
  • Infections (bacterial, viral or parasitic)
  • High lipoprotein thrombosis
  • Amyloidosis
  • Smoking

What Treatments Are Available For Heart Disease?

Treatment for heart disease is largely determined by the type of heart disease one is suffering from and how far it has progressed.Treatment for heart disease is divided into three categories:

Lifestyle Modifications

Healthy lifestyle choices can aid in the prevention of heart disease. They can also assist individuals in treating the condition and preventing it from worsening. One of the first things people should follow is change their diet.

A low-sodium, low-fat diet high in fruits and vegetables may reduce risk of heart disease complications. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is one example.

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Similarly, moderate exercise and giving up smoking can aid in the treatment of heart disease. Reduce alcohol consumption as well.

Medications

Certain types of heart disease may necessitate the use of medication. A doctor can prescribe medication to treat or control heart disease. Medicines may also be prescribed to reduce or eliminate the risk of complications. The specific drug given in a prescription is determined by the type of heart disease one have.

Heart Disease

Invasive Procedures Or Surgery

In some cases of heart disease, surgery or a medical procedure is required to treat the condition and prevent symptoms from intensifying.

For instance, if someone’s arteries are entirely or nearly completely blocked by plaque buildup, the doctor may place a stent in the diseased artery to restore normal blood flow. The procedure a doctor will perform is determined by the type of heart disease one have and the extent of heart damage.

Summary

Heart disease is a very common health issue. There are numerous types of heart problems, each with its own set of symptoms and treatment possibilities. Some are caused by genetic issues and are unpreventable. However, in many cases, a person can take steps to avoid heart disease and its complications.

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Following a healthy diet, performing plenty of exercise, and seeking medical advice when the first symptoms of heart disease appear.

 For some, lifestyle modifications and medication can make a significant difference in their health. Others may require surgical alternatives to get their ticker working properly again.

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