Diet and NutritionsExpert CornerHealth Care

Diabetes During Pregnancy: Highest Risks to the baby

Diabetes During Pregnancy! For many women, being pregnant is a life-changing experience, and having a baby is much more so. However, it’s no secret that pregnancy has a negative impact on your body.

The changes brought with pregnancy can be much more profound if you have a prior ailment. Diabetes is a common metabolic disorder that can make pregnancy difficult.

Diabetes causes high blood sugar levels, which can harm not only your health but also the health of your growing kid. Although diabetes increases the risk of pregnancy, it is possible to have a normal pregnancy even if you have diabetes.

Effects Of Diabetes On You And Your Baby

Insulin is a hormone that transforms sugar from food into energy for your body to use. When you have diabetes, your body either produces insufficient insulin or is unable to utilize the insulin it produces. Instead of being used for energy, sugar lingers in your blood, causing your blood sugar levels to rise.

The growth of your kid is harmed by high blood sugar levels throughout pregnancy. If your blood sugar levels are high in the first few months of pregnancy, you’re more likely to have birth abnormalities, miscarriage, and other issues.

For expectant mothers, several long-term diabetes issues can worsen. To ensure that your health does not deteriorate throughout pregnancy, our team assists you in tracking changes such as diabetic retinopathy and renal disease.

You can expect to carry your baby to full term if your diabetes is well-managed. Diabetes, on the other hand, may cause your kid to grow larger. Macrosomia occurs when a baby consumes too much sugar while still in the womb. Sugar is converted to fat, causing the baby to grow in size.

Keeping an eye on your blood sugar levels is especially critical during labor. You and your baby will be physically stressed throughout labor and delivery, and you may require more insulin.

Monitors your newborn’s blood sugar level after you’ve given delivery. After birth, babies delivered to diabetic mothers often experience a significant drop in blood sugar. Glucose may be required to keep your infant healthy by balancing blood sugar.

Diabetes During Pregnancy: Risks to the baby Expert Tips To Follow

When You’re Pregnant And Have Diabetes, Here’s How To Stay Healthy.

When you’re pregnant, the greatest thing you can do for yourself and your kid is to keep your diabetes and blood sugar under control. Controlling diabetes before and during pregnancy relieves the additional burdens on your body and your growing kid.

Eat healthful, nutritious meals if you have diabetes. You may need to increase your calorie intake to assist your baby and Drs. McDonald’s as well as Wilson can advise you on how to do so safely.

Regular exercise can aid in the management of diabetes symptoms. Staying active during pregnancy is a great way to keep yourself and your baby healthy, but always follow your doctor’s physical activity recommendations.

Monitor your blood sugar levels and modify your insulin dosage as appropriate with the help of your health care team. During pregnancy, some women require additional insulin, especially in the third trimester. It’s possible that some diabetes treatments aren’t safe to take while pregnant.

Gestational diabetes affects roughly 7 out of every 100 women who did not have diabetes prior to pregnancy. It occurs during pregnancy, although it is usually manageable by eating a nutritious diet and exercising regularly.

Dr. McDonald as well as Dr. Wilson usually recommend a gestational diabetes screening in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, but if you’re at a higher risk for gestational diabetes, they may do it earlier.

Diabetes During Pregnancy: Risks To The baby

How Is Diabetes Detected During Pregnancy?

During pregnancy, your healthcare professional will screen for diabetes.

Your physician will check you early in pregnancy if you have health risks for type 2 diabetes, such as being overweight. During your first checkup, your provider may administer a test to you.

Between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy, your healthcare professional will screen you for gestational diabetes. An oral glucose tolerance test is used for this screening (OGTT). An OGTT is a test that measures a woman’s blood sugar levels after she has consumed sugar (glucose). You might be subjected to one of the following tests:

A single-step test. You’ll have 75 grams of glucose after not eating (fasting). After a certain length of time, your healthcare professional will check your blood sugar.

A two-step test is used. You won’t need to fast because you’ll have 50 grams of glucose. After a certain length of time, your healthcare professional will check your blood sugar. You’ll repeat the OGTT with 100 grams of glucose if your blood sugar is too high.

How Are Diabetic Pregnant Mothers And Their Babies Cared For?

Your healthcare practitioner will keep a careful eye on you and your baby during pregnancy. A doctor who specializes in diabetes in pregnant women may be able to help you.

It’s critical to keep your blood sugar under control. This is the most effective strategy to lower your baby’s dangers. To manage your diabetes, you’ll probably need to do the following:

Keep a tight eye on your blood sugar levels. You may be asked to test your blood sugar by your healthcare provider.

Take insulin exactly as directed. During pregnancy, your insulin dose may fluctuate.

Keep an eye on your weight. If you’re overweight or obese, your doctor might advise you to lose weight.

The therapy your kid receives is determined by how successfully you managed your blood sugar during pregnancy, labour, and delivery. Treatment will also be determined by the symptoms, age, and overall health of your child. It will also be determined by the severity of the ailment.

Diabetes During Pregnancy: Risks to the baby Expert Tips To Follow


Your baby’s blood may be drawn by their healthcare professional. This will test your baby’s blood sugar, calcium levels, and other parameters. A heel stick, a needle in your baby’s arm, or an umbilical catheter (a tube inserted into your baby’s umbilical cord) are all options.


As an early feeding, your infant may require a glucose and water combo. Alternatively, your infant may require glucose to be injected into a vein via an IV (intravenously). Your baby’s blood sugar levels will be regularly monitored by his or her healthcare practitioner. This is done in the event that your baby’s blood sugar levels become dangerously low.

Breathing Support

To breathe better, your infant may require oxygen or a breathing machine.

If your child has birth abnormalities or injuries, they may require particular attention. It’s possible that your youngster will need to see a professional. This is dependent on their health.

Read Also: Affect Of Omicron Covid 19 On A Diabetes Patient: Complete Overview


Diabetes affects more women than men. Keep track of your blood sugar levels by monitoring them frequently, eating healthy foods, and staying active so you can be your healthiest as well as improve your overall health.

Related Articles

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Back to top button
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
How to Improve Heart Recovery Rate