Health CareBeauty

Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome : A Complete Guide

The most prevalent sleep-related respiratory problem is Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome. It leads you to start and stop breathing continuously while you sleep.

There are numerous varieties of Sleep Apnea, but it is the most frequent. This type of apnea occurs when your throat muscles relax and restrict your airway as you sleep. Snoring is an obvious symptom of obstructive sleep apnea.

There are treatments for Sleep Apnea. One treatment includes sleeping with a gadget that employs positive pressure to keep your airway open. A mouthpiece that pushes your lower jaw forward while you sleep is another possibility. Surgery may also be a possibility in rare circumstances.

Symptoms

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Causes of Sleep Apnea

This disease occurs when the muscles that govern your airway relax excessively, narrowing your throat. You wake up briefly to reopen your airway, but you won’t remember doing so. This could happen dozens of times every hour.

Other factors that might cause this disease include obesity, swollen tonsils, and health issues such as endocrine abnormalities or heart failure.

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Risk Factor

Excess weight

Obesity is common in patients with Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome, but it is not universal. Fat deposits in the upper airway can make breathing difficult. Obesity-related medical problems, such as hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome, can potentially induce disease.

Older age

Disease risk increases with age, but looks to level out after your 60s and 70s.

Narrowed airway

You may be born with naturally narrow airways. Alternatively, your tonsils or adenoids may expand and impede your airway.

High blood pressure (hypertension)

It is particularly common in hypertensive patients.

Chronic Nasal congestion

Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome is twice as common in people who have chronic nasal congestion at night, regardless of the cause.

Smoking

Smokers are more prone to suffer from this Syndrome.

Diabetes

It may be more common among diabetics.

Sex

Men are twice or three times more likely than premenopausal women to suffer from Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome. After menopause, the frequency of this disease increases in women.

It runs in the family. Having this disease in your family may raise your risk.

Asthma

Asthma and the risk of this disease have been linked in studies.

Complications

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

This disease is a potentially fatal medical condition. Complications can include the following:

Daytime fatigue and sleepiness

People with this Syndrome frequently experience extreme daytime drowsiness, weariness, and irritability as a result of a lack of restorative sleep at night. They may have difficulties concentrating and may fall asleep at work, while watching TV, or even while driving. As a result, they are more likely to be involved in a work-related accident.

Children and adolescents with disease may struggle in school and frequently have focus or behavioral problems.

Cardiovascular issues

Sudden falls in blood oxygen levels caused by severe Sleep Apnea raise blood pressure and put a load on the cardiovascular system. Many people who suffer from This disease have high blood pressure (hypertension), which increases the risk of heart disease.

The severity of obstructive sleep increases the risk of coronary artery disease, heart attacks, heart failure, as well as stroke.

It raises the risk of irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias), which can cause blood pressure to drop. If there is underlying heart disease, these repeated episodes of arrhythmias could result in abrupt death.

Medication and surgical complications

Certain drugs and general anesthesia might cause this disease. Sedatives, narcotic analgesics, and general anesthetics relax your upper airway and can exacerbate your Sleep Apnea.

If you have this disease, major surgery, especially while sedated and laying on your back, can exacerbate your breathing difficulties. People who have this Syndrome may be more prone to difficulties following surgery.

Tell your doctor if you have this disease or signs connected to the disorder before having surgery. Before surgery, your doctor may want you to be checked for Sleep Apnea.

Eye problems

Some studies have discovered a link between Sleep Apnea and certain eye disorders, such as glaucoma. Eye problems are frequently treatable.

Sleep-deprived partners

Loud snoring might prevent those around you from getting enough rest and, in the long run, can strain your relationships. Some partners choose to sleep in a separate room.

Memory issues, morning headaches, mood swings or melancholy, and the need to urinate frequently at night are all symptoms of this disease.

COVID-19 may be associated with this disease. Persons who have this Syndrome are more likely to develop a serious case of COVID-19 and require hospital care than those who do not have sleep apnea.

sleep apnea diagnosis

Your doctor will examine you and question about your sleeping habits. They may also want to inquire about your sleeping habits from those who reside with you.

It is possible that you will need to spend the night in a sleep lab or have a sleep study performed in your home. Monitors will be worn by you to measure things like:

  • The flow of air
  • Oxygen levels in the blood
  • Patterns of breathing
  • Your brain’s electrical activity
  • Movement of the eyes
  • Heart rhythm or pace
  • Muscle activation as well as arm and leg movement

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Among the possible treatments are:

Weight loss, if needed

Even losing 10% of your body weight can make a difference.

Taking sleeping pills

These make your airway more prone to seal during sleep, preventing you from breathing normally for longer periods of time.

Sleeping on your side

If you simply have minor this disease while you sleep on your back, this may help.

Nasal sprays

These can be useful if you have sinus difficulties or nasal congestion that makes it difficult to breathe while sleeping.

CPAP machine

This device comes with a mask that you can wear on your nose, mouth, or even both. A steady stream of air is forced via your mouth or nose by an air blower. The air pressure is exactly right to keep your upper airway tissues from relaxing excessively as you sleep. The BPAP is a similar gadget in that it contains two degrees of air flow that vary when you breathe in and out.

Oral devices

If you have minor this disease, you may be fitted with dental appliances called oral “mandibular advancement” devices to prevent your tongue from blocking your airway or to bring your lower jaw forward. This may aid in keeping your airway open while sleeping. A competent dental professional can determine which type of device is ideal for you.

Surgery

This is for persons who have excess or uneven tissue in their nose or throat that prevents airflow through the nose or throat. Surgery may be beneficial if you have a deviated nasal septum, swollen tonsils and adenoids, or even a small lower jaw that leads your throat to become too narrow. Usually, doctors will attempt alternative treatments first.

Types of Surgery

Stimulator of the upper airways

This device, known as Inspire, contains a small pulse generator that your surgeon will implant behind the skin in your upper chest. A wire connected to your lung monitors your natural breathing pattern. Another cable that runs up to your neck sends modest signals to the neurons that control your airway muscles, keeping them open. You can use a remote control to turn it on before bed and off in the morning.

Somnoplasty

Radiofrequency energy is used by your specialist to tighten the tissue at the back of the throat.

UPPP (or UP3)

This operation removes soft tissue from the back of the throat and palate, opening up your airway at the throat opening. (UPPP is an uvulopalatopharyngoplasty.)

Nasal surgery

These procedures remove impediments in your nose, such as a displaced septum (when the wall between your nostrils is off-center).

Maxillary/mandibular advancement surgery

To make more room in the back of your throat, your doctor slides your jawbone and face bones forward. It’s a complicated operation reserved for those with Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome and issues with their head or face.

Conclusion

Sleep apnea is a sleeping disease that, if left untreated, can lead to major health problems such as high blood pressure and heart problems. Untreated sleep apnea causes breathing to stop regularly throughout sleep, resulting in loud snoring and fatigue during the day, even after a full night’s sleep. Sleep apnea can affect anyone, although it is particularly common in overweight elderly men.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

What are the three kinds of sleep apnea?

There are three kinds of sleep apnea. The fundamental distinctions between obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and complicated sleep apnea are as follows.

Is obstructive sleep apnea curable?

Although CPAP and oral appliances are effective, they are not treatments for sleep apnea. The only sure option to permanently cure the illness is to reduce weight or have surgery to remove excess tissue from the palate or throat.

What are the three kinds of sleep apnea?

There are three kinds of sleep apnea. The fundamental distinctions between obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and complicated sleep apnea are as follows.

Is obstructive sleep apnea curable?

Although CPAP and oral appliances are effective, they are not treatments for sleep apnea. The only sure option to permanently cure the illness is to reduce weight or have surgical removal extra tissue from the palate or throat.

Disclaimer

The opinions presented in this article should not be regarded as a replacement for medical advice. For more information, please contact your treating physician.

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