Health Care

How Alcohol Affects Mental Health?

Story Highlights
  • How Alcohol Affects Mental Health ?
  • Alcohol Dependence and Depression
  • Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Dependence
  • Tips to cut down alcohol

Alcohol affects mental health that makes you feel calm in a short period of time. You become inebriated and unsteady as you drink more, and you may do or say things you wouldn’t ordinarily do or say.

Alcohol may be used to help people with depression and anxiety manage their symptoms, but excessive alcohol use can harm your mental health.

How Alcohol Affects Mental Health ?

Alcohol is sometimes used to alleviate the symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression. Alcohol alters the way your brain cells communicate with one another, making you feel more relaxed.

Other times, people self-medicate with alcohol. While it may feel pleasant for a brief time, the effect is short-lived. The joy wears off, and it can exacerbate your depression symptoms.

The following are some of the negative impacts of alcohol consumption:

  • After the tranquil mood fades, mental health deteriorates.
  • Headaches, nausea, and vomiting from a hangover.
  • Post-alcohol anxiety and/or depression

Drinking too much alcohol might lead to other difficulties and make your melancholy and anxiety worse over time.

Your depression and anxiety may worsen if you binge consume alcohol. Binge drinking occurs when a person consumes a large amount of alcohol in a single day – more than 8 units for males and more than 6 units for women, with 1 unit equaling half a pint.

Alcohol Dependence and Depression

If you drink alcohol frequently, you may become addicted to it or misuse it. If you suddenly stop drinking when you’re addicted, you may become unwell and your mental health may deteriorate. This is referred to as withdrawal. The following are withdrawal symptoms:

  • Sweating
  • Shaky hands
  • Hallucinations (seeing things that aren’t there)
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Trouble sleeping

You might try to get rid of these symptoms by drinking more alcohol, but using alcohol to manage your mental health rather than seeking treatment might lead to greater difficulties.

Excessive alcohol consumption can interfere with other activities, relationships, and self-esteem, all of which can negatively impact your mental health.

Depressed people are more prone to drink alcohol, while depressed people are more likely to drink alcohol. People who abuse alcohol are more prone to injure themselves or commit suicide.

Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Dependence

Long-term alcohol abuse and dependency can lead to a variety of serious health issues. The following are some of them:

  • Stroke
  • Liver disease
  • Heart disease
  • Bowel cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Mouth cancer
  • Pancreatitis

Long-term heavy drinking can also create irreversible brain alterations, such as difficulties interpreting, remembering, and reasoning. This is known as alcohol induced brain injury.

For certain people, alcoholism can lead to societal issues such as homelessness, unemployment, divorce, and domestic violence. All of these things can make your mental health worse.

Alcohol affects mental health (1)

Healthier ways to relax

After a busy day, take some time to unwind and relax in healthy ways.

  • Exercise regularly. This can be a lesson, a sports club, or just a quick walk.
  • Relax by doing yoga or stretching. Put on some soothing music and softly and slowly exercise and stretch your body. While you’re doing this, take a deep breath.
  • Play some soothing music.
  • Cook. Chopping, slicing, and cooking are all activities that many people enjoy. Make time to try a new dish and prepare your favorite meal.
  • Take a soothing bath. To connect and engage all of your senses, use fragrant oils, candles, and bubbles.

Read Also: 12 Beauty Benefits Of Vitamin E Capsules For Skin And Hair

How Much Alcohol Should You Drink?

There are some things to consider if you have depression or anxiety and wish to drink alcohol. In general, you should limit your alcohol consumption to 14 units per week, which is the equivalent of six regular glasses of wine or six pints of lager. Make careful to spread out your drinks equally throughout the week, with drink-free days in between.

Some medications should not be taken with alcohol since they may cause you to become ill. Check with your doctor or pharmacist beforehand.

Tips to cut down alcohol

  • Stick to the low-risk standards, which means no more than 14 units of alcohol spread out over three days or more every week.
  • Don’t drink if you’re hungry. Before you drink, make sure you’ve had a decent dinner.
  • Soft drinks should be had in between alcoholic beverages.
  • Have a few non-drinking days per week.
  • Change to a lower-strength or alcohol-free beverage.
  • Keep a drinking journal and check up with it every few weeks to see how you’re progressing.


More negative feelings, such as worry, despair, anger, or violence, may emerge as a result of the chemical changes in your brain. This is because alcohol changes your brain’s neurotransmitters.

These are molecules that transmit information from one nerve to another in your brain. Alcohol interferes with their proper functioning and has a detrimental impact on your mental health and well-being.

If you drink frequently, you may get a chronic hangover without even noticing it. Maybe you’re not connecting the dots between why you’re drinking, what you’re drinking, and how it makes you feel.


The information on this site is provided solely for educational reasons and is not intended to replace medical treatment provided by a healthcare professional. Because each person’s needs are different, the reader should check with their doctor to see if the material is appropriate for them.

People May Ask 1

Q- What effect does alcohol have on mental health?

A- Alcohol is a depressive, which means it affects your feelings, thoughts, and behavior by disrupting the balance of neurotransmitters (chemical messengers) in your brain. Because alcohol affects the region of your brain that governs inhibition, you may feel more relaxed, less worried, and more confident after a few drinks.

Q- Is it possible for drinking to cause mental illness?

A- Both during intoxication and withdrawal, alcohol addiction can create indications and symptoms of sadness, anxiety, psychosis, and antisocial behavior. These symptoms and signs might occur in groups, linger for weeks, and be mistaken for psychiatric problems (i.e., alcohol–induced syndromes).

Q- Why does alcohol exacerbate anxiety?

A- Serotonin and other neurotransmitters in the brain are affected by alcohol, which can exacerbate anxiety. In fact, once the alcohol wears off, you can feel even more worried. Anxiety caused by alcohol might continue for several hours or even a whole day following consumption.

Q- So, what exactly is alcohol psychosis?

A- Alcohol-related psychosis is a type of secondary psychosis that shows up as vivid hallucinations and delusions in a range of alcohol-related disorders.

Q- Are alcoholics mentally ill?

A- The majority of the psychopathic alcoholics in this group were likely secondary psychopaths, with psychopathy-like characteristics (e.g., callousness, manipulativeness) as well as emotional dysregulation and/or thinking disturbance.

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